Sunday, November 16, 2014

The Moral Code of Ani

The Code of Ani is worded negatively, like the Ten Commandments, and dates to c. 2500 B.C. It has 42 confessions. The text is Akkadian and the authority of the code is derived from the Horite Hebrew Creator Anu/Anum, father of the divine son, Enki. Among the Nilotic peoples, God the father was called Ra and God the son was called Horus.

This suggests that the Ten Commandments and other codes found in Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Leviticus derive from an earlier tradition among the ancient Nilotes, Proto-Saharans and Mesopotamians. There is evidence of influence from the Law of Tehut which dates to around 3200 BC. Clear parallels can also be found to later Nilotic writings, such as Spell/Prayer 125 in the Egyptian Book of the Dead (c.1500 BC).

The word Ani is related to the Akkadian word anaku - the royal First Person, which resembles the ancient Egyptian anochi, which has the same meaning. It also refers to the Anu/Ainu priests who served at the most prestigious shrines throughout the ancient world. 

The AN root appears in variants such as Anoch/Enoch; Anakim; Ana; Annas; Ananus; Ananias and Hannah. The three Anakim clans were named for the three highest ranked sons of Anak whose names were Sheshai (Shasu), Ahiman and Talmai (Josh.15:14).The Shasu are mentioned in ancient texts as the "Shasu of YHWH." Two hieroglyphic references dating to the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BC) refer to “the land of the Shasu of YHWH.” These are the oldest references to YHWH outside the Bible. These inscriptions are found on the Nubian temples of Soleb and Amara West.

Many high priests are named for Anu, the High God. The High Priest Ananus was appointed by Herod the Great. Another Ananus served as the High Priest of Edom/Idumea from 6-15 AD. Edom was home of some of the greatest Horite Hebrew rulers, and all of Abraham's territory was in the region of Edom. Edom was known as one of the ancient seats of wisdom.

I have not committed sin.
I have not committed robbery with violence.
I have not stolen.
I have not slain men and women.
I have not stolen grain.
I have not purloined offerings.
I have not stolen the property of the gods.
I have not uttered lies.
I have not carried away food.
I have not uttered curses.
I have not committed adultery, I have not lain with men.
I have made none to weep.
I have not eaten the heart.
I have not attacked any man.
I am not a man of deceit.
I have not stolen cultivated land.
I have not been an eavesdropper.
I have slandered [no man].
I have not been angry without just cause.
I have not debauched the wife of any man.
I have not debauched the wife of [any] man.
I have not polluted myself.
I have terrorized none.
I have not transgressed [the Law].
I have not been wroth.
I have not shut my ears to the words of truth.
I have not blasphemed.
I am not a man of violence.
I am not a stirrer up of strife (disturber of the peace).
I have not acted (or judged) with undue haste.
I have not pried into matters.
I have not multiplied my words in speaking.
I have wronged none, I have done no evil.
I have not worked witchcraft against the King (or blasphemed against the King).
I have never stopped [the flow of] water.
I have never raised my voice (spoken arrogantly, or in anger).
I have not cursed God.
I have not acted with evil rage.
I have not stolen the bread of the gods.
I have not carried away the khenfu cakes from the spirits of the dead.
I have not snatched the bread of the child, nor treated with contempt the god of my city.
I have not slain the cattle belonging to the god.

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