Alice C. Linsley
Cosmology is the study of the structure and dynamics of the universe. It involves our most fundamental experience of earth and the heavens. It necessarily involves recognition of the binary distinctions observed in the order of creation: night-day; axis of rotation-equator; north-south; east-west and finite-infinite. Ancient peoples believed that the structure and dynamics of the cosmos speak of the Creator’s eternal power and divine nature. The Apostle Paul alludes to this in Romans 1:20.
The Horite devotees of Horus believed that Horos established the cosmic boundaries. Abraham's Horite caste believed that Horus also established "kinds" (essences) (Gen. 1:21). Horus controlled the wind and waves and guarded the four cardinal points. Horus' four appearances, as a deified ruler, a jackal, a falcon and a dog, are found on the four canopic jars that hold the organs of the dead rulers. These guard his body at the north, east, south and west.
The Horites spread their Horus- centered cosmology throughout the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion. The deity Horus was the son of Re, whose emblem was the Sun. The Sun and its daily east-west journey were a key feature of Horite cosmology. The Sun rises above the earth and this further distinguishes the heavens above from the earth below, and the Creator from the creation.
The binary distinctions impressed upon the ancient Nilotic and Proto-Saharan peoples the reality of their limitations. They had no power to make the Sun follow a different course or to move the polar star. These spoke to them of a greater Power who had established these luminaries as dark reflections of a greater Light. The Horite ruler-priests were conscious of boundaries all around them. Many words related to boundaries are derived from the name Horus: horizon, hour, horotely, Horologion, Harmattan, horoscope, etc. Aristotle links essence to boundaries (horos, horismos) or to definition. He says, “a definition is an account (logos) that signifies an essence” (Topics 102a3).
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Related reading: Tracing Origins Using Comparative Cosmologies; Seven Planets, Seven Bowls; Plato's Debt to Ancient Egypt